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Rahoton masana'antu

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Yaya za a aiwatar da aikin muhalli na kimiyya?

Lokaci: 2020-06-10 hits: 47

Kariyar muhalli ana samun karuwar kasashe da mutane da yawa. A cikin tsari da tsara tsarin kariya na muhalli, yakamata mu hada hanyar samar da ra'ayi tare da tsinkayen muhalli da kuma kariya ta muhalli, da kuma neman karin tsarin gudanarwa ta hanyar tsarin bincike da tantancewa.


Za a iya taƙaita mahimman ka'idodin tsarin kiyaye muhalli kamar haka:


(1) Cire kayayyakinda marasa hankali cikin samarwa;

Don wasu samfuran gargajiya tare da ƙimar fitarwa da ƙima mai wahala a cikin kulawar ruwan sha, ana iya maye gurbinsu da samfuran tare da darajar fitarwa mai girma da kuma kayan aikin fasaha. Idan ribar wani samfurin ba zai zama daidai da kudin kula da ruwan sha ba, akwai darajan ci gaba da samarwa?


(2) managementarfafa gudanarwa da rage gurɓataccen iska;

Gudanar da kasuwancin ma babban mahimmanci ne don hanawa da sarrafa gurbacewar iska. Samun masana'antu galibi suna tare da ƙarni na magudanan ruwa da yawa. Idan ruwan sharar da bai dace da ka'idodi ba an fitar da shi, zai haifar da wasu lahani ga muhalli. Saboda haka, masana'antu suna da matukar muhimmanci wajan sarrafa najasa.


(3) Kafa kananan tsire-tsire masu kula da shara;

Where the factories are relatively concentrated, it is not necessary to implement sewage treatment in accordance with the principle of "who pollutes, who governs", but the relationship between enterprises should be strengthened, and pollution control measures should be considered as a whole. If necessary and possible, the wastewater of each factory can be treated in a centralized manner, and a unified sewage treatment plant can be established to implement the "who pollutes, who pays" treatment method.



Saboda samfuran daban-daban da masana'antu ke samarwa, ingancin ruwan sharar ruwan ya kuma bambanta. Abu ne mai wahala ka iya kula da dukkan nau'ikan abubuwa masu cutarwa daban, amma idan aka kula da ruwan sha na masana'antu iri-iri a hade, ba wai kawai za a iya rage wahalar kula da magudanan ruwa ba, har ma ana iya inganta ingancin magani.


(4) Inganta darajar sake amfani da ruwa;

A cikin ƙasashe da yawa, yawan amfani da ruwa na iya ƙaruwa sosai, kuma har yanzu akwai wadatattun abubuwan amfani don amfani da ruwa a wurare da yawa suna jiran mutane su matsa. Rateara yawan ma'anar sake yin amfani da ruwa mai samar da ruwa ba kawai zai iya rage gurɓataccen muhalli ba, har ila yau, zai iya rage yawan ruwan da ake amfani da shi. A takaice, wannan na iya kawo karshen matsalar matsalar albarkatun ruwa.


(5) Yin sake amfani da cikakken amfani da gurbata abubuwa;

Abubuwan gurɓatar ruwa a cikin ruwan sha an samar dasu duka lokacin samarwa, kuma tsarin rabuwa da abubuwa daban-daban bazai zama mai cikakken hankali ba, saboda haka yawan ruwan sha yana ƙunshe da adadin abubuwa masu amfani.


Idan aka fitar da wadannan abubuwan, zasu gurbata muhalli kuma zai cutar da lamuran. Amma idan an sake jujjuya shi ko kuma a yi amfani da shi gabaɗaya, zai iya juya asarar zuwa wadatar ta kuma zama lahani ga riba. Tunani daga wani bangare na hangen nesa, ana iya kulawa da sharar gida tare da sharar gida, kuma za a iya biyan karfin karfi, ta yadda za'a iya kiyaye tsadar kudin ruwan.