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Rahoton masana'antu

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Tsarin bincike da aikace-aikacen MBR

Lokaci: 2020-04-14 hits: 74

1. Tsarin bincike na MBR

 

A cikin shekarun 1960s, hadewar sinadarin jujjuyawar halittar ruwa da tacewa na membrane ya gano aikace-aikacen MBR a cikin maganin ruwa mai tsafta a karo na farko. A cikin 1989, masu bincike sun sanya kayan kwalliyar membrane a cikin bioreactors, suna keta ci gaban hadedde MBR reactors. Tun daga shekarun 1990s, saboda ci gaba da ci gaba da jujjuyawar membrane, fasahar kula da gurɓataccen membrane da kayan membrane ma an inganta su sosai, farashin membobi na bioreactors yana samun ƙasa da ƙasa, kuma wannan aikin ya sami kulawa a hankali. Ya zuwa 2006, jimlar darajar membobin aikin bioreactors da aka yi amfani da su a duniya sun kai dala miliyan 216. Idan za a iya magana dai, ci gaban kasar Sin ya fara ne a makare, amma yanayin bunkasuwarsa yana da sauri, kuma saurin bunkasuwarsa ya fi saurin matsakaicin ci gaba a duniya. A halin yanzu ana amfani dashi sosai a cikin magungunan tsabtace ruwa da yawa.


 

2. Aikace-aikacen MBR

 

(1) Aikace-aikacen MBR a cikin maganin shara na birni

 

A ƙarshen shekarun 1990s, tare da fito da hadewar MBR, aikace-aikacen masu amfani da ƙwayar membrane a cikin kula da shara na birane an hanzarta bunkasa. Ya zuwa shekarar 2005, an kammala ayyukan 219 MBR na keɓaɓɓiyar shara a Arewacin Amurka. Kodayake China ta fara bacci, amma ta samu ci gaba cikin sauri. A halin yanzu, akwai ayyukan da yawa a cikin aiki ko a karkashin gini a kasar Sin.

 

(2) Aikace-aikacen MBR a cikin ruwan sha na masana'antu

 

Idan aka kwatanta da kula da shara na birni, MBR yana da ƙarin fa'ida a fannin kula da shara na masana'antu. Dangane da kididdigar, MBR a halin yanzu yana da kashi 41% na aikin sharar ruwa na masana'antu, kuma ana amfani dashi sosai wajen bugawa da bushe-bushe, cokali, lantarki, gyaran mai, abinci, petrochemicals, giya, magunguna da leachate na ƙasa.