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Rahoton masana'antu

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Takaitaccen hanyoyin hanyoyin nazarin halittar fun najasa --- Tsarin Halittar Halittu

Lokaci: 2020-07-30 hits: 64


1. Tsarin Sludge tsari

Tana da fa'ida ta ɗan ƙaramin hannun jari da ingantacciyar hanyar magani. Wannan fasaha tana hade ruwan sharar gida da gurbataccen iska (microorganism) kuma tana sanya su a lalata gurɓatattun abubuwan gurɓatattun kwayoyin a cikin ɗab'i da kuma bushe ruwan na sharar gida.

 

Abubuwan sunadarai zasu rabu da ruwan sha da aka zalunta, kuma za'a iya mayar da wani bangare na daskararru zuwa tukunyar jirgi kamar yadda ake bukata.

 

Ludarfewar da aka kunna ba zai iya kawai lalata babban adadin kwayoyin halitta ba, har ma ya cire wani ɓangaren launi, ban da kyakkyawan daidaita darajar PH. Yana da ingantaccen aiki, ƙoshin mara ƙima da ingancin inganci, kuma ya dace don lura da ɗab'in bugun ruwa da bushewar ruwa.


2. Tsarin SBR

Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) wani aiki ne na fasahar kawar da ruwan sha mai sarrafawa wanda yake gudana ta hanyar tsaka-tsaki.

 

Wannan fasahar tana da fa'idodi biyu: tasirin turawa cikin lokaci da kuma cakuda cakuda sararin samaniya, wanda hakan yasa yake da matukar tasirin aiwatarwa don magance kwayoyin halitta.

 

3. Biofilm Process

Tsarin biofilm hanya ce ta kula da gurbataccen ruwa ta hanyar biofilm wanda aka girma akan saman mai siyarwa (kamar kayan tacewa, farjin diski, da sauransu). Hanyar Biofilm tana da ingantaccen sakamako a cikin adanawa da fitar da dattin ruwa fiye da hanyar ɓacin da aka kunna.

 

Tsarin biofilm yana da tsari da yawa a cikin lura da bugawa da bushewa ruwan sharar gida, galibi sun haɗa da hanyar hada hada abubuwa da iskar shaka.

 

Saboda buga ruwa da bushewa ruwan sha yana da halayen babban taro kuma yana da wahalar gurbatawa, yana da wahala ma hanyar biofilm tsarkakakken ya sami sakamako mai gamsarwa game da maganin buguwa da bushewar ruwa.

 

4. Tsarin Ilimin Hauwa

Wannan tsari an samo shi ne daga tsarin halittar biofilm kuma yana haɗuwa da fa'idar duka aikin ɓarkewar aiki da kuma tsarin biofilm.

 

A biofilm hada da micelles, ƙwayoyin filamentous, fungi, protozoa da metazoa. Rashin sharar gida yana hulɗa tare da biofilm. Karkashin yanayin iska, masu tallafar biofilm suna sanya kwayoyin halitta a cikin ruwan sharar gida. Abubuwan da ke cikin kwayoyin sunadaran da kuma bazuwar kwayoyin halitta, wadanda zasu iya tsarkake ruwan sharar gida.

 

Saboda halayensa na ƙaramar ƙara nauyi, ƙasa da ƙasa, ƙarancin rashi, ingantaccen sarrafawa, da lalata abubuwa na musamman, an yi amfani dashi sosai wajen bugawa da bushewa ruwan sharar masana'antu a cikin 'yan shekarun nan.

 

5. Tsarin MBR

MBR, also known as membrane bioreactor, is a new type of water treatment technology that combines activated sludge process and membrane separation technology.

 

Akwai nau'ikan membranes da yawa, kuma akwai nau'uka daban-daban da aka kasafta ta hanyoyi daban-daban:

Akantar da tsarin rabuwa, ana iya rarrabe shi zuwa membrane mai mayar da martani, membrane musayar wuta, membrane mai zama, da sauransu;

Akwai yanayin da membrane, ana iya rarrabe shi zuwa cikin membrane na halitta (kwayoyin tunawa) da membrane na roba (membrane na kwayoyin halitta da inorganic membrane);

An yarda da tsarin rarrabuwar membrane za'a iya rarrabawa zuwa nau'in lebur, nau'in bututu, nau'in karkace da nau'in fiber mai laushi.

 

A cikin tsari na MBR, ƙwayar rabuwa ta membrane ba kawai zai iya ƙara mayar da hankali da aiki na wasu ƙwayoyin cuta na wajibi ba, har ma sun soke manyan kwayoyin da ke da wuyar lalata. Yayin da ake kula da ruwan sharar gida, ana iya sake yin amfani da kayan albarkatun ƙasa, kuma an cire wani ɓangaren ruwan bayan an kula dashi zai iya cika ka'idodi don sake amfani dashi.

 

A cikin ainihin aikace-aikacen, mutane sun gano cewa yayin amfani da tsarin MBR, tsawon lokacin zama na ruwan sharar gida yana da babban tasiri akan cirewar cirewa. Lokacin zama yana da tsawo kuma yawan cirewa yana da yawa sosai. Amma lokacin zama bai kamata ya yi tsayi da yawa ba, in ba haka ba zai haifar da rage yawan maida hankali (MLSS).